Periodontal disease affects many people in the United States. Symptoms can range from red or inflamed gums to tooth and bone loss. Whether gum disease is controlled or worsens, it all depends on how well a person cares for their teeth and gums.
There are several telltale signs of gum disease, but people don’t always know they have it, because they don’t experience pain. When they realize something is wrong, it has progressed to the advanced stages. Some common symptoms of periodontal disease, include:
The goal of periodontal treatment is to get the infection under control. Treatment type and the number of sessions varies depending on the severity of the disease. Regardless of the level of progression, good oral hygiene practices at home are essential during periodontal treatment. For the best outcome, you may need to change or stop a certain habit, like smoking.
If you have severe gum disease your dentist may suggest oral surgery to help control the infection. Periodontal treatments that include oral surgery involve the flap procedure, that helps remove tartar build-up from deep gum pockets, and bone and tissue grafts. Grafting helps regenerate lost jaw bone and tissue.