What Are Common Periodontal Treatments?

What Are Common Periodontal Treatments?

Periodontal disease affects many people in the United States. Symptoms can range from red or inflamed gums to tooth and bone loss. Whether gum disease is controlled or worsens, it all depends on how well a person cares for their teeth and gums.

Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

There are several telltale signs of gum disease, but people don’t always know they have it, because they don’t experience pain. When they realize something is wrong, it has progressed to the advanced stages. Some common symptoms of periodontal disease, include:

  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Gum recession
  • Loose teeth
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Red or inflamed gums
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Tender or bleeding gums

What are the Most Common Periodontal Treatments?

The goal of periodontal treatment is to get the infection under control. Treatment type and the number of sessions varies depending on the severity of the disease. Regardless of the level of progression, good oral hygiene practices at home are essential during periodontal treatment. For the best outcome, you may need to change or stop a certain habit, like smoking.

  • Deep Cleaning: This involves root planing and scaling, a deep cleaning process that removes plaque build-up below the gum line. This method also smooths rough spots on teeth where bacteria accumulate. In some cases, this treatment is performed with a laser.
  • Medications: Root planing and scaling sometimes include medication. At times this combination is done instead of surgery if the gum disease has not progressed to periodontitis. Typically, medications used include oral antibiotics, antibiotic gels, and antimicrobial mouthwashes.

If you have severe gum disease your dentist may suggest oral surgery to help control the infection. Periodontal treatments that include oral surgery involve the flap procedure, that helps remove tartar build-up from deep gum pockets, and bone and tissue grafts. Grafting helps regenerate lost jaw bone and tissue.